This can be compensated with a certain degree of visual effort (accommodation).
Patients affected by hyperopia have a sight defect that affords them good distance vision, with greater problems with near vision.
There are different types of hyperopia
Alternately a laser treatment may be indicated.
The techniques that can be used are:
- Hyperopic PRK: this technique can be used for mild defects and is particularly indicated for young patients. The procedure is performed with the excimer laser, the same instrument that is used for the treatment of myopia. However, the tissue is removed in a different way; the anesthesia, the treatment, the post-operative clinical progression and the visual results will be similar to the treatment of myopia. Click here for more information.
- Hyperopic LASIK: this technique is used for moderate and severe defects; however, it can also be used for the successful treatment of mild defects. The procedure closely resembles the myopic LASIK technique and the same instruments are used. The difference lies in how the excimer laser removes the tissue.
- Implantation of an artificial crystalline lens with or without the removal of the natural human lens; this technique can be used in carefully selected cases of hyperopia in excess of 4-5 diopters.
Even though hyperopia is the most difficult sight defect to correct, the results are extremely positive, particularly when an excimer laser of fourth, fifth or sixth generation is used for the LASIK step.
Who is suitable for the procedure?
The eye doctor, expert in refractive surgery, will suggest the most suitable technique for the case in hand: generally-speaking, he will base his decision on the type of eye, the patient’s age, the patient’s sight requirements and also on the surgery experience of the individual operator and the instruments or machines available.